Antitrust goes political
In the global world we live in, US parliamentary representatives now directly write to the EU administration requesting it to speed up the review of business transactions involving US firms (!).
On 24 November, John Kerry and Orrin Hatch took the lead of a group of 59 Senators to request the EU Commission to quickly close its review of the Oracle/Sun Microsystems merger, approved earlier by the DoJ. Obviously, this is no more than political gesticulation. Yet, the context surrounding this letter exhibits again the GE-Honeywell-reminiscent “patronizing rethorics” which pollute transatlantic cooperation between competition agencies and, incidentally, affect adversely the interests of the firms under review.
In a nutshell, the Senators argue that since US agencies found no antitrust issue, it would be odd for the EU to raise competition concerns. The words used by Senator Hatch are crystal-clear:
“This transaction has been thoroughly reviewed by the United States Department of Justice, which has decided to take no action. Therefore, I hope the EC will quickly conclude their investigation into this transaction.”
Of course, there are many compelling reasons why an additional review of the EU is legitimate. The US review deals with the merger’s effects only on US territory, and not in the EU. In addition, one may argue that the intervention of a new agency is actually a good thing. First, the US agencies may be wrong on the substance. Second, the US may also be biased when it comes to a transaction involving US firms active on global markets.
Overall, rather than writing to an external agency on which they have no legal influence whatsoever, US Senators should seek to use their legislative powers (if my recollections are correct, they have a say on external relations) to devise a credible US position re. the way forward in terms of global antitrust.
This is also - although slightly different – the position of Commissioner Kroes, who urged the Senators to focus on other, more important, issues… As reported by the AP:
Kroes slammed the senators for “interfering in someone else’s decisions rather than taking the most important decision that you have control over: improving health care.”
“Is this really more important than fixing your own health care system?” she asked in a speech, adding that the senators needed to get their priorities straight.
I paste below the official text of the letter.
“As fellow government officials committed to the principle that competition is the cornerstone of healthy economic growth, we would like to take this opportunity to share our thoughts with you as to the proposed acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Inc. by Oracle Corporation. In addition, due to Sun Microsystems’ deteriorating financial condition and the possible negative effect on employment of the company’s workforce, we respectfully request the European Commission expedite the completion of its investigation into this transaction.
The United States Department of Justice, after an intensive investigation, closed its inquiry into this transaction without taking any action. In fact, the Justice Department did not find documentary evidence that this acquisition would harm competition. We recognize that the European Commission has a sovereign right to thoroughly investigate transactions where corporations utilize the European Union’s marketplace. Further, it is our understanding the Commission is concerned about competition in the database software market. However, we have been informed by Sun Microsystems that their subsidiary, which competes in this specific market, generates only €17 million in revenue and that the same market has competitors with capitalizations of tens of billions of Euros.
Unfortunately, Sun Microsystems’ financial position has become more precarious and the Commission’s inquiry has continued. Some have raised concerns over the company’s ability to continue to employ its thousands of workers. Accordingly, we respectfully request the European Commission complete its investigation of this transaction as quickly as possible.
Thank you for your attention to this matter“.
(Image possibly subject to copyrights: Source here)