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Latest ECJ features a bunch of very good papers

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EUROPEAN COMPETITION JOURNAL

Volume 9 . Number 2 . August 2013

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CONTENTS

 

Vertical Antitrust Enforcement: Transatlantic Perspectives on Restrictions of Online Distribution under EU and US Competition Laws

Gabriele Accardo

Abstract: This article looks at how EU and US competition laws deal with restrictions of online sales in distribution agreements, respectively. The growing importance of online commerce highlights how vertical competition law enforcement is still an important building block of competition law policies, both in the US and in Europe. Businesses who are either engaged in online activities or deal with online intermediaries in the US and EU should be aware of the rules of the game, since vertical antitrust issues are generally subject to different principles on the two sides of the Atlantic. The European Commission recently adopted new competition rules that specifically target restrictions of online sales in distribution agreements, acknowledging the importance of e-commerce for consumers and its instrumental role in achieving the paramount goal of a single internal market in Europe. Conversely, unlike in the EU, several factors, such as the existence of a developed online market, the absence of single market considerations, the paramount importance of freedom to contract and the role of inter-brand competition under US antitrust law, arguably explain why US antitrust doctrine is less concerned about the need to adopt specific rules applicable to restrictions of online sales.

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Alternative Approaches to Sentencing in Cartel Cases: The European Union, Ireland and the United States

Paul K Gorecki and Sarah Maxwell

Abstract: The paper examines the approach used in sentencing in hard core cartel cases in the European Union, Ireland and the United States. These approaches are not considered in a vacuum, but rather use the facts of the successful prosecution of the Citroen cartel in Ireland. While the EU and the US both use sentencing guidelines, the US guidelines are more evidence based and transparent. In contrast, the judiciary in Ireland has yet to develop a systematic clear policy for determining sentences in cartel cases. Applying the EU and the US sentencing guidelines to the facts of the Citroen cartel suggests that, in any event, the sentences imposed in cartel cases Ireland are too low. Some suggestions for rectifying the situation are discussed.

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Written by Nicolas Petit

1 November 2013 at 4:16 pm