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Archive for October 18th, 2011

Case C-439/09: Is it just us, or is the ECJ naming the “EU rule of reason”?

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Last Thursday, the ECJ issued its Judgment in Case C-439/09, Pierre Fabré Dermo Cosmétique v. Président de l´Autorité de la Concurrence. Little attention has so far been paid to this Judgment which, to me, appears as having more substance than it meets the eye. Let´s see:

In 2009, the French Conseil de la Concurrence adopted a decision sanctioning Pierre Fabré  (“PF”) for including a de facto ban on the sale of its cosmetics and personal care products via the internet in its selective distribution contracts. In reality, PF´s contracts obliged its distributors to sell its products in the physical presence of a person with a degree in pharmacy. The Conseil considered that this constituted a restriction of passive sales in so far as it precluded online sales.  PF appealled the decision and the Cour d´Appel de Paris addressed a reference for a preliminary ruling to the ECJ.

What meets the eye:

The specific  and obvious discussion at stake relates to whether the exception contained in Art. 4 c) of Regulation 2790/1999 (now replaced by the same Art. of Regulation 330/2010 ) [pursuant to which ” the exemption to the prohibition laid down in Article 101(1) TFEU is not to apply to vertical agreements which, directly or indirectly, in isolation or in combination with other factors under the control of the parties, have as their object  (…) c)  the restriction of active or passive sales to end users by members of a selective distribution system operating at the retail level of trade, without prejudice to the possibility of prohibiting a member of the system from operating out of an unauthorised place of establishment“) (emphasis added)] justifies a requirement such as that included in PF´selective distribution contracts. The solution adopted by the Court is that, given that companies will allways enjoy the possibility of benefiting from an individual exemption pursuant to Art. 101(3) TFEU, it is not necessary to give a broad interpretation to the provisions bringing agreements within block exemption regulations.

In sum, the ECJ ruled that in case of doubt Block Exemption Regulations are not to be interpreted broadly, and that in such circumstances the competitive assessment of the agreements at issue shall be carried out within the framwork of Article 101(3). You may or may not agree, but it is reasonable enough.

What doesn´t meet the eye:

As we said above, there might be more about this Judgment than meets the eye. Perhaps we´re wrong; the fact that this Judgment has grabbed no one else´s attention does not mean we´re smarter (which is definately not the case), but simply that we may not be right. Let us explain ourselves:

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Written by Alfonso Lamadrid

18 October 2011 at 5:46 pm